This document describes how to initialize a TiDB cluster in Kubernetes (K8s), specifically, how to configure the initial account and password and how to initialize the database by executing SQL statements automatically in batch.
The following steps only apply when you create a cluster for the first time. Further configuration or modification after the initial cluster creation is not valid.
When a cluster is created, a default account
root is created with no password. This might cause security issues. You can set a password for the
root account in the following steps:
Before creating the cluster, create the Namespace:
kubectl create namespace <namespace>
Before creating a cluster, create a
secret to specify the password for
kubectl create secret generic tidb-secret --from-literal=root=<root-password> --namespace=<namespace>
If you also want to create users automatically, append the desired user name and the password, for example:
kubectl create secret generic tidb-secret --from-literal=root=<root-password> --from-literal=developer=<developer-passowrd> --namespace=<namespace>
This command creates users
developer with their passwords, which are saved in the
tidb-secret object. By default, the regular user
developer is only granted with
USAGE privilege; other privileges are set in the configuration item
Set a host that has access to TiDB.
Before deploying the cluster, you can set a host that has access to TiDB by using the
tidb.permitHost configuration item. If it is not set, all hosts have access to TiDB. For details, refer to Mysql GRANT host name.
tidb: passwordSecretName: tidb-secret permitHost: <mysql-client-host-name>
Deploy the cluster.
After creating the
secret, deploy the cluster using the following command:
helm install pingcap/tidb-cluster -f values.yaml --name=<release-name> --namespace=<namespace> --version=<chart-version>
tidb.passwordSecretName, the above command sets up a cluster with an initialization job created automatically. Using the available
secret, this job creates the password for the
root account, and creates other user accounts and passwords if specified. The password specified here is required when you login to the MySQL client.
When the initialization job is created, the Pod for the TiDB cluster has not been created fully. There might be a few errors before initialization completes and Pod state becomes Completed.
You can also execute the SQL statements in batch in
tidb.initSql for initialization. This function by default creates some databases or tables for the cluster and performs user privilege management operations. For example, the following configuration automatically creates a database named
app after the cluster creation, and grants the
developer account full management privileges on
tidb: passwordSecretName: tidb-secret initSql: |- CREATE DATABASE app; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON app.* TO 'developer'@'%';
Save the above configuration to the
values.yaml file and run the following command to deploy the cluster:
helm install pingcap/tidb-cluster -f values.yaml --name=<release-name> --namespace=<namespace> --version=<chart_version>
Currently no verification has been implemented for
initSql. You can create accounts and set passwords in
initSql, but it is not recommended because passwords created this way are saved as plaintext in the initializer job object.