Software and Hardware Recommendations

As an open source distributed NewSQL database with high performance, TiDB can be deployed in the Intel architecture server, ARM architecture server, and major virtualization environments and runs well. TiDB supports most of the major hardware networks and Linux operating systems.

Linux OS version requirements

Linux OS Platform Version
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 or later
CentOS 7.3 or later
Oracle Enterprise Linux 7.3 or later
Ubuntu LTS 16.04 or later

Note:

  • For Oracle Enterprise Linux, TiDB supports the Red Hat Compatible Kernel (RHCK) and does not support the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel provided by Oracle Enterprise Linux.
  • A large number of TiDB tests have been run on the CentOS 7.3 system, and in our community there are a lot of best practices in which TiDB is deployed on the Linux operating system. Therefore, it is recommended to deploy TiDB on CentOS 7.3 or later.
  • The support for the Linux operating systems above includes the deployment and operation in physical servers as well as in major virtualized environments like VMware, KVM and XEN.

Software recommendations

Control Machine

Software Version
sshpass 1.06 or later
TiUP 0.6.2 or later

Note:

It is required that you deploy TiUP on the Control Machine to operate and manage TiDB clusters.

Target machines

Software Version
sshpass 1.06 or later
numa 2.0.12 or later

Server recommendations

You can deploy and run TiDB on the 64-bit generic hardware server platform in the Intel x86-64 architecture or on the hardware server platform in the ARM architecture. The requirements and recommendations about server hardware configuration (ignoring the resources occupied by the operating system itself) for development, test, and production environments are as follows:

Development and test environments

Component CPU Memory Local Storage Network Instance Number (Minimum Requirement)
TiDB 8 core+ 16 GB+ No special requirements Gigabit network card 1 (can be deployed on the same machine with PD)
PD 4 core+ 8 GB+ SAS, 200 GB+ Gigabit network card 1 (can be deployed on the same machine with TiDB)
TiKV 8 core+ 32 GB+ SAS, 200 GB+ Gigabit network card 3
Total Server Number 4

Note:

  • In the test environment, the TiDB and PD instances can be deployed on the same server.
  • For performance-related test, do not use low-performance storage and network hardware configuration, in order to guarantee the correctness of the test result.
  • For the TiKV server, it is recommended to use NVMe SSDs to ensure faster reads and writes.
  • If you only want to test and verify the features, follow Quick Start Guide for TiDB to deploy TiDB on a single machine.
  • The TiDB server uses the disk to store server logs, so there are no special requirements for the disk type and capacity in the test environment.

Production environment

Component CPU Memory Hard Disk Type Network Instance Number (Minimum Requirement)
TiDB 16 core+ 32 GB+ SAS 10 Gigabit network card (2 preferred) 2
PD 4 core+ 8 GB+ SSD 10 Gigabit network card (2 preferred) 3
TiKV 16 core+ 32 GB+ SSD 10 Gigabit network card (2 preferred) 3
Monitor 8 core+ 16 GB+ SAS Gigabit network card 1
Total Server Number 9

Note:

  • In the production environment, the TiDB and PD instances can be deployed on the same server. If you have a higher requirement for performance and reliability, try to deploy them separately.
  • It is strongly recommended to use higher configuration in the production environment.
  • It is recommended to keep the size of TiKV hard disk within 2 TB if you are using PCIe SSDs or within 1.5 TB if you are using regular SSDs.

Network requirements

As an open source distributed NewSQL database, TiDB requires the following network port configuration to run. Based on the TiDB deployment in actual environments, the administrator can open relevant ports in the network side and host side.

Component Default Port Description
TiDB 4000 the communication port for the application and DBA tools
TiDB 10080 the communication port to report TiDB status
TiKV 20160 the TiKV communication port
PD 2379 the communication port between TiDB and PD
PD 2380 the inter-node communication port within the PD cluster
TiFlash 9000 the TiFlash TCP service port
TiFlash 8123 the TiFlash HTTP service port
TiFlash 3930 the TiFlash RAFT and Coprocessor service port
TiFlash 20170 the TiFlash Proxy service port
TiFlash 20292 the port for Prometheus to pull TiFlash Proxy metrics
TiFlash 8234 the port for Prometheus to pull TiFlash metrics
Pump 8250 the Pump communication port
Drainer 8249 the Drainer communication port
TiCDC 8300 the TiCDC communication port
Prometheus 9090 the communication port for the Prometheus service
Node_exporter 9100 the communication port to report the system information of every TiDB cluster node
Blackbox_exporter 9115 the Blackbox_exporter communication port, used to monitor the ports in the TiDB cluster
Grafana 3000 the port for the external Web monitoring service and client (Browser) access
Alertmanager 9093 the port for the alert web service
Alertmanager 9094 the alert communication port

Web browser requirements

TiDB relies on Grafana to provide visualization of database metrics. A recent version of Internet Explorer, Chrome or Firefox with Javascript enabled is sufficient.