REPLACE

从语义上看,REPLACE 语句是 DELETE 语句和 INSERT 语句的结合,可用于简化应用程序代码。

语法图

ReplaceIntoStmt:

ReplaceIntoStmt

PriorityOpt:

PriorityOpt

IntoOpt:

IntoOpt

TableName:

TableName

InsertValues:

InsertValues

示例

mysql> CREATE TABLE t1 (id INT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT, c1 INT NOT NULL);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.12 sec)

mysql> INSERT INTO t1 (c1) VALUES (1), (2), (3);
Query OK, 3 rows affected (0.02 sec)
Records: 3  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0

mysql> SELECT * FROM t1;
+----+----+
| id | c1 |
+----+----+
|  1 |  1 |
|  2 |  2 |
|  3 |  3 |
+----+----+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> REPLACE INTO t1 (id, c1) VALUES(3, 99);
Query OK, 2 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> SELECT * FROM t1;
+----+----+
| id | c1 |
+----+----+
|  1 |  1 |
|  2 |  2 |
|  3 | 99 |
+----+----+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

MySQL 兼容性

REPLACE 语句与 MySQL 完全兼容。如有任何兼容性差异,请在 GitHub 上提交 issue

另请参阅