ADD COLUMN

ALTER TABLE.. ADD COLUMN 语句用于在已有表中添加列。在 TiDB 中,ADD COLUMN 为在线操作,不会阻塞表中的数据读写。

语法图

AlterTableStmt:

AlterTableStmt

AlterTableSpec:

AlterTableSpec

ColumnKeywordOpt:

ColumnKeywordOpt

ColumnDef:

ColumnDef

ColumnPosition:

ColumnPosition

示例

mysql> CREATE TABLE t1 (id INT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.11 sec)

mysql> INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (NULL);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.02 sec)

mysql> SELECT * FROM t1;
+----+
| id |
+----+
|  1 |
+----+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> ALTER TABLE t1 ADD COLUMN c1 INT NOT NULL;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.28 sec)

mysql> SELECT * FROM t1;
+----+----+
| id | c1 |
+----+----+
|  1 |  0 |
+----+----+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> ALTER TABLE t1 ADD c2 INT NOT NULL AFTER c1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.28 sec)

mysql> SELECT * FROM t1;
+----+----+----+
| id | c1 | c2 |
+----+----+----+
|  1 |  0 |  0 |
+----+----+----+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

MySQL 兼容性

  • 不支持同时添加多列。
  • 不支持将新添加的列设为 PRIMARY KEY
  • 不支持将新添加的列设为 AUTO_INCREMENT

另请参阅